Er. alokpandey's Blog

What Great .NET Developers Ought To Know

Posted in ASP.NET (C# & VB), C#, VB by Alok Kumar Pandey on February 23, 2011

Everyone who writes code

* Describe the difference between a Thread and a Process?
* What is a Windows Service and how does its lifecycle differ from a “standard” EXE?
* What is the maximum amount of memory any single process on Windows can address? Is this different than the maximum virtual memory for the system? How would this affect a system design?
* What is the difference between an EXE and a DLL?
* What is strong-typing versus weak-typing? Which is preferred? Why?
* Corillian’s product is a “Component Container.” Name at least 3 component containers that ship now with the Windows Server Family.
* What is a PID? How is it useful when troubleshooting a system?
* How many processes can listen on a single TCP/IP port?
* What is the GAC? What problem does it solve?

Mid-Level .NET Developer

* Describe the difference between Interface-oriented, Object-oriented and Aspect-oriented programming.
* Describe what an Interface is and how it’s different from a Class.
* What is Reflection?
* What is the difference between XML Web Services using ASMX and .NET Remoting using SOAP?
* Are the type system represented by XmlSchema and the CLS isomorphic?
* Conceptually, what is the difference between early-binding and late-binding?
* Is using Assembly.Load a static reference or dynamic reference?
* When would using Assembly.LoadFrom or Assembly.LoadFile be appropriate?
* What is an Asssembly Qualified Name? Is it a filename? How is it different?
* Is this valid? Assembly.Load(“foo.dll”);
* How is a strongly-named assembly different from one that isn’t strongly-named?
* Can DateTimes be null?
* What is the JIT? What is NGEN? What are limitations and benefits of each?
* How does the generational garbage collector in the .NET CLR manage object lifetime? What is non-deterministic finalization?
* What is the difference between Finalize() and Dispose()?
* How is the using() pattern useful? What is IDisposable? How does it support deterministic finalization?
* What does this useful command line do? tasklist /m “mscor*”
* What is the difference between in-proc and out-of-proc?
* What technology enables out-of-proc communication in .NET?
* When you’re running a component within ASP.NET, what process is it running within on Windows XP? Windows 2000? Windows 2003?

Senior Developers/Architects

* What’s wrong with a line like this? DateTime.Parse(myString);
* What are PDBs? Where must they be located for debugging to work?
* What is cyclomatic complexity and why is it important?
* Write a standard lock() plus “double check” to create a critical section around a variable access.
* What is FullTrust? Do GAC’ed assemblies have FullTrust?
* What benefit does your code receive if you decorate it with attributes demanding specific Security permissions?
* What does this do? gacutil /l | find /i “Corillian”
* What does this do? sn -t foo.dll
* What ports must be open for DCOM over a firewall? What is the purpose of Port 135?
* Contrast OOP and SOA. What are tenets of each?
* How does the XmlSerializer work? What ACL permissions does a process using it require?
* Why is catch(Exception) almost always a bad idea?
* What is the difference between Debug.Write and Trace.Write? When should each be used?
* What is the difference between a Debug and Release build? Is there a significant speed difference? Why or why not?
* Does JITting occur per-assembly or per-method? How does this affect the working set?
* Contrast the use of an abstract base class against an interface?
* What is the difference between a.Equals(b) and a == b?
* In the context of a comparison, what is object identity versus object equivalence?
* How would one do a deep copy in .NET?
* Explain current thinking around IClonable.
* What is boxing?
* Is string a value type or a reference type?
* What is the significance of the “PropertySpecified” pattern used by the XmlSerializer? What problem does it attempt to solve?
* Why are out parameters a bad idea in .NET? Are they?
* Can attributes be placed on specific parameters to a method? Why is this useful?

C# Component Developers

* Juxtapose the use of override with new. What is shadowing?
* Explain the use of virtual, sealed, override, and abstract.
* Explain the importance and use of each component of this string: Foo.Bar, Version=2.0.205.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=593777ae2d274679d
* Explain the differences between public, protected, private and internal.
* What benefit do you get from using a Primary Interop Assembly (PIA)?
* By what mechanism does NUnit know what methods to test?
* What is the difference between: catch(Exception e){throw e;} and catch(Exception e){throw;}
* What is the difference between typeof(foo) and myFoo.GetType()?
* Explain what’s happening in the first constructor: public class c{ public c(string a) : this() {;}; public c() {;} } How is this construct useful?
* What is this? Can this be used within a static method?

ASP.NET (UI) Developers

* Describe how a browser-based Form POST becomes a Server-Side event like Button1_OnClick.
* What is a PostBack?
* What is ViewState? How is it encoded? Is it encrypted? Who uses ViewState?
* What is the element and what two ASP.NET technologies is it used for?
* What three Session State providers are available in ASP.NET 1.1? What are the pros and cons of each?
* What is Web Gardening? How would using it affect a design?
* Given one ASP.NET application, how many application objects does it have on a single proc box? A dual? A dual with Web Gardening enabled? How would this affect a design?
* Are threads reused in ASP.NET between reqeusts? Does every HttpRequest get its own thread? Should you use Thread Local storage with ASP.NET?
* Is the [ThreadStatic] attribute useful in ASP.NET? Are there side effects? Good or bad?
* Give an example of how using an HttpHandler could simplify an existing design that serves Check Images from an .aspx page.
* What kinds of events can an HttpModule subscribe to? What influence can they have on an implementation? What can be done without recompiling the ASP.NET Application?
* Describe ways to present an arbitrary endpoint (URL) and route requests to that endpoint to ASP.NET.
* Explain how cookies work. Give an example of Cookie abuse.
* Explain the importance of HttpRequest.ValidateInput()?
* What kind of data is passed via HTTP Headers?
* Juxtapose the HTTP verbs GET and POST. What is HEAD?
* Name and describe at least a half dozen HTTP Status Codes and what they express to the requesting client.
* How does if-not-modified-since work? How can it be programmatically implemented with ASP.NET?
Explain and the usage of VaryByParam, VaryByHeader.
* How does VaryByCustom work?
* How would one implement ASP.NET HTML output caching, caching outgoing versions of pages generated via all values of q= except where q=5 (as in http://localhost/page.aspx?q=5)?

Developers using XML

* What is the purpose of XML Namespaces?
* When is the DOM appropriate for use? When is it not? Are there size limitations?
* What is the WS-I Basic Profile and why is it important?
* Write a small XML document that uses a default namespace and a qualified (prefixed) namespace. Include elements from both namespace.
* What is the one fundamental difference between Elements and Attributes?
* What is the difference between Well-Formed XML and Valid XML?
* How would you validate XML using .NET?
* Why is this almost always a bad idea? When is it a good idea? myXmlDocument.SelectNodes(“//mynode”);
* Describe the difference between pull-style parsers (XmlReader) and eventing-readers (Sax)
* What is the difference between XPathDocument and XmlDocument? Describe situations where one should be used over the other.
* What is the difference between an XML “Fragment” and an XML “Document.”
* What does it meant to say “the canonical” form of XML?
* Why is the XML InfoSet specification different from the Xml DOM? What does the InfoSet attempt to solve?
* Contrast DTDs versus XSDs. What are their similarities and differences? Which is preferred and why?
* Does System.Xml support DTDs? How?
* Can any XML Schema be represented as an object graph? Vice versa?

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7 Responses

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  1. ikbalouch said, on February 23, 2011 at 6:41 am

    Very nice post my friend, a very kool one and comprehensive.

    Btw do you have answers to these questions at some place, and can I have them? I want to share it with some students of me.

    Regards

  2. Alok Kumar Pandey said, on February 23, 2011 at 6:57 am

    ASN of 3=

    Answer

    Processes access virtual memory space, not physical memory. Applications never access RAM directly but only through the memory management interface of the processor.

    Depending on which version of Windows you are using, and how the program was compiled there is a differnt maximum ammount of addressable memory.

    All 32 bit processes on 32bit Windows have a 4GB virtual address space. The upper 2GB is common to all processes and is used by the system. The lower 2GB is private to each process and is inaccessable to all others. Unless the program was compiled as large address aware, in which case it will have 3GB of private address space.

    For 32bit processes on 64bit Windows, each process has 2GB private address space, unless compiled large address aware in which case it has 4GB private adress space.

    For 64bit processes on 64bit windows each process has 8TB of private address space whilst compiled as large address aware. The 2GB address space limit remains for programs not compiled as large address aware.

    This is completely independent of the size of RAM or the pagefile. The system maps physical memory into this virtual address space according to both need and availability.

    At any given time the data in virtual memory space might be stored in RAM, on disk, or both. All of this is totally transparent to all applications. Frequently accessed data will be kept in RAM with the remainder left on disk.

  3. Alok Kumar Pandey said, on February 23, 2011 at 6:59 am

    What is the difference between an EXE and a DLL?

    Ans = An exe is an executible program. A DLL (Dynamic Link Library) is a file that can be loaded and executed by programs dynamically. Basically it’s an external code repository for programs. Since usually several different programs reuse the same DLL instead of having that code in their own file, this dramatically reduces required storage space. A synonym for a DLL would be library.
    DLL does not have main function but exe has main function
    Here DLL is inprocess component, both component and consumer will share same memory and Exe is out process component, it will run in its own memory.

  4. khanjainul said, on February 24, 2011 at 6:57 pm

    this is realy so helpful sir
    keep it up…………..

  5. […] Everyone who writes code * Describe the difference between a Thread and a Process? * What is a Windows Service and how does its lifecycle differ from a "standard" EXE? * What is the maximum amount of memory any single process on Windows can address? Is this different than the maximum virtual memory for the system? How would this affect a system design? * What is the difference between an EXE and a DLL? * What is strong-typing versus weak-typing? … Read More […]

  6. Seo Services said, on February 26, 2011 at 12:32 am

    You make blogging look like a walk in the park! I’ve been trying to blog daily but I just cant find writing material.. you’re an inspiration to me and i’m sure many others!


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